Just after years of building all types of plug-in prototype, Audi place one on sale in January 2016. Electric vehicles generate really small waste heat and resistance electric heat may well have to be applied to heat the interior of the automobile if heat generated from battery charging/discharging can’t be made use of to heat the interior. Against EPA rated most fuel effective plug-in hybrid, hybrid electric vehicle and 2016 average gasoline-powered car in the U.S. Solar cars are electric vehicles powered totally or drastically by direct solar power , typically, through photovoltaic (PV) cells contained in solar panels that convert the sun’s energy straight into electric energy. For simplicity and reliability, quite a few electric cars use fixed-ratio gearboxes and have no clutch.